Journal Papers Localization of neuropeptide Y Y1 mRNA in the human brain: abundant expression in cerebral cortex and striatum.


Abstract

Eur J Neurosci. 1997 Jun;9(6):1212-25. Localization of neuropeptide Y Y1 mRNA in the human brain: abundant expression in cerebral cortex and striatum. Caberlotto L, Fuxe K, Sedvall G, Hurd YL. SourceDepartment of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Abstract Many neurobiological functions have been ascribed to the NPY Y1 receptor subtype, but autoradiographic analysis has failed to detect Y1 binding sites in most human brain areas, in contrast to the rat. We examined the regional distribution of Y1 mRNA-containing cells in the post-mortem human brain to clarify if there is a major species difference in terms of the existence of Y1 receptors in the human telencephalon, in particular the striatum and cortex. In situ hybridization experiments revealed widespread distribution of Y1 mRNA signals in all layers of most limbic and neocortical regions, predominantly in layer IV (most cortical regions) and layer VI. The striatum showed moderate Y1 receptor mRNA expression levels with intensely expressing cells localized to the nucleus accumbens. The highest Y1 receptor mRNA expression was apparent within the dentate gyrus, and the lowest in the subiculum, parahippocampal gyrus, cerebellum, and thalamus. In vitro autoradiography using [125I]Leu31Pro34-PYY and [125I]PYY with NPY (13-36) or Leu31Pro34-NPY, confirmed the presence of low Y1-like binding in the human brain despite abundant Y1 mRNA expression. However, using a rat model of the human autopsy process, it was apparent that the inability to reveal high Y1- versus Y2-like receptors in the human brain was related in part to marked reductions of Y1-like, but not Y2-like, receptors within a 4 h post-mortem delay. Altogether, the results indicate that the Y1 receptor gene is abundant in the human brain and this receptor may have important roles in cognitive, limbic and motor function.



Paper Details

Authors

L. Caberlotto,  K. Fuxe,  G. Sedvall ,  Y. Hurd

Publication

Eur J Neurosci., 9, , 1212-1215

Language

English
.