Journal Papers Regional distribution of neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor messenger RNA in the human post mortem brain.


Abstract

The neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor is one of six receptor subtypes mediating the multiform physiological actions of neuropeptide Y. The Y2 receptor has been demonstrated to be the most predominant receptor subtype in the human brain and appears to be involved in many neuropeptide Y actions, such as the regulation of locomotor activity, cardiovascular functions, memory processing, circadian rhythms and release of other neurotransmitters. We have recently demonstrated the widespread and abundant distribution of neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor messenger RNA in the human cerebral cortex (different laminar patterns within distinct cortical regions), hippocampal dentate gyrus and striatum. To assess a possible differential distribution of Y1 and Y2 receptor messenger RNAs, the regional expression of neuropeptide Y Y2 messenger RNA-containing cells in the human brain was analysed, in particular within the cerebral cortex and striatum. In situ hybridization experiments revealed the localization of the Y2 messenger RNA signal throughout all cortical regions, with the highest intensity per cell apparent in lamina IV, with the exception of the striate cortex, which showed an intense labelling primarily in layer VI. The striatum expressed low to undetectable levels of the Y2 receptor messenger RNA. The dentate gyrus and the CA2 region presented the highest hybridization signals, while a very weak Y2 messenger RNA expression was found in the CA1 region and subiculum. Positive Y2 messenger RNA hybridization signals were also detected in the lateral geniculate nucleus, amygdala, substantia nigra, hypothalamus, cerebellum and choroid plexus. These results demonstrate the widespread distribution of neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor messenger RNA in the human brain, with a pattern of expression distinct from the Y1 subtype, suggesting that these two receptor subtypes may mediate different neuropeptide Y functions in the human brain, mainly through actions on different neuronal systems.



Paper Details

Authors

L. Caberlotto,  K. Fuxe,  J. Rimland,  G. Sedvall ,  Y. Hurd

Publication

Neuroscience, 86, , 167-78

Download

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9692752

Language

English
.